Friday, January 17, 2014

Maori demographics if we were a kainga of 100

The 2013 census has a ‘Quick Stats’ presentation where Aotearoa/NZ is analysed as if it were a village of 100 people. In this village, 70 people are Pākehā (Stats NZ still refers to them as European - the figures may include Tauiwi born in Europe) and 14 are Maori, with the remainder made up of a variety of Peoples, predominantly Asian (Figure 1). 

If Maori were a kainga of 100 people:

1.       52 would be wāhine; 48 would be tane.
2.       33 would be under the age of 15.
3.       19 are Ngā Puhi.
4.       86 live in Te Ika a Maui.
5.       25 live in Tamaki Makaurau.
6.       21 can able to korero in te reo; only 6 of these will be under the age of 15 (down from the 2006 census).
7.       22 of those over 15 will have no qualification (an improvement from 2006).
8.       29 of those over 15 are employed full-time (down from 2006); 9 are working part-time; 7 are unemployed (two more than in 2006).
9.       The median income is $22,500 ($27,200 for tane, $19,900 for wāhine).

However, if we were to include our whanaunga in Australia, estimated at 128,154, they become 16 ‘absentee’ residents of our kainga.

[Statistics NZ uses two main approaches to categorise Maori: ethnicity (which refers to ‘cultural affiliation’), and descent/whakapapa. The 2013 census identifies 598,605 as ‘ethnically’ Maori, and 668,724 as having whakapapa. This analysis uses whakapapa as defining who is Maori]

[1] Iwi statistics are based on descent/whakapapa figures.

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